The Sustainable Development is based on the regeneration, the enhancement and management of natural and built resources, improving performances in the respect of their identity. Nowadays, the issues related to the urban and environmental recovery have to deal with a new scientific approach to mitigate the vulnerability of the cities, using conservation and transformation actions compatible with the heritage to be recovered. The Ph.D. training in Building and Environmental Recovery, Maintenance and Management responds to the demand for researchers and professionals able to plan the recovery and maintenance design. The text contains the teaching disciplinary approaches and illustrates the doctoral thesis carried out in recent years and together with the post-graduate researches. The illustrated researches highlight the shift from a culture oriented towards the recovery design to the pre-figuration of integrated management for the life cycle of the built environment.